By Noeleen Heyzer, James V. Riker, Antonio B. Quizon
Governments and NGOs (non-governmental firms) in Asia face serious improvement demanding situations. This quantity examines how one can enhance the coverage atmosphere for NGOs in Asia so they may possibly give a contribution extra successfully to the advance technique. The individuals establish the most elements which effect the coverage atmosphere for NGOs, signify and evaluate the political area for NGOs, learn the jobs that governments and overseas improvement companies can play in helping NGOs, and suggest attainable innovations and coverage directions for making improvements to government-NGO kinfolk in Asia.
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Extra info for Government-NGO Relations in Asia: Prospects and Challenges for People-Centred Development
Clearly, certain government departments, agencies, and officials are more likely to be 'favourably disposed' to NGO development initiatives than others (Uphoff, 1987: 22). Nevertheless, five main modes of interaction or exchange between the central government and NGOs can be distinguished across a continuum of political space by examining how each of the three strategic dimensions 8 of financial, organizational, and policy autonomy versus control gets played out. Elements of each mode may co-exist in a particular state context, but one mode is likely to predominate over others.
The central government James V. Riker 33 has a range of possible measures it can take to restrict NGO initiatives, such as: a Financial Containment. The government can adversely affect an NGO's financial viability by: . , training, transport), and facilities to NGOs. b Organizational Containment. , corruption, proselytizing, or promoting ideologies which are deemed to be unacceptable); (iii) requiring an NGO (or NGO coordinating body) to reorganize and to replace its leadership with government appointed members; (iv) detaining key NGO officials (Bratton, 1989b: 580); and (v) banning and dissolving the NGO completely.
Riker 45 than the paper, policies, and resources of government' (de Graaf, 1987: 293, emphasis added). Specifically, a number of governments in Asia have proposed and enacted various measures to register and monitor NGO activities. 3 for an elaboration of policies, legislation and current trends in India, Indonesia, and Malaysia. While NGOs have a recognized right to exist in each of these countries, the general trend, particularly in Indonesia and Malaysia, has been toward subjecting NGOs to more restrictive legislation and greater government scrutiny.