Environment and Experience: Settlement Culture in by Peter Boag

By Peter Boag

The pioneer struggling with with a adverse environment--whether or not it's arid land, drought, dirt storms, dense forests, or harsh winters--is a staple of western American heritage. during this leading edge, multi-disciplinary paintings, Peter Boag takes factor with just like the settler opposed to the frontier, arguing that settlers seen their new atmosphere definitely and tried to create groups in concord with the panorama. utilizing Oregon's Calapooia Valley as a case examine, Boag offers a background of either land and folks that exhibits the method of swap as settlers populated the land and grew to become it to their very own uses.By combining neighborhood resources, starting from letters and diaries to early maps and native histories, and drawing upon the tools of geography, common background, and literary research, Boag has created a richly particular grass-roots portrait of a frontier group. most importantly, he analyzes the connections between environmental, cultural, and social alterations in ways in which remove darkness from the frontier event through the American west.

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Extra info for Environment and Experience: Settlement Culture in Nineteenth-Century Oregon

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Hardwood trees such as bigleaf maple, western white oak, and madrone (Arbutus menziesii) also grew in the foothills. ). 12 Ecologists apply the term climax to the theoretically highest stage of ecological succession, or evolution, of a plant-animal community or ecosystem. At climax, the ecosystem is stable and self-perpetuating. Climax does occur in nature, but other natural factors, such as disease and fire, limit the stability, persistence, and extensiveness of a climax community. Had the Willamette Valley been left to ''nature," its gal- Page 10 lery and foothill forests of maple, Douglas fir, and grand fir would theoretically have eventually covered the valley floor as a climax community.

From that moment, Professor Brown has been a constant and enthusiastic supporter of my work. His guidance, his generosity with time and advice, and his willingness to let me stand on my own helped me turn my then rather amorphous ideas into a dissertation, and now into the book before you. I owe to Professor Brown more than I can express in words. As with any project of this type, many people lent their assistance, and I wish to thank them. Dennis "Whitey" Lueck taught me much of what I know about ecology and greatly increased my awareness of, and appreciation for, the natural environment.

Long, long ago it was good country (had better hunting and food gathering). They were all Indians who lived in this countryside. Everything was good.  . " 36 Because the Kalapuya had no written tradition, we have only limited sources from their perspective on their interaction with Euro-American settlers. None relates battle with disease. Folklorists note that the stories of a people relate that which is most significant about their experience. Although the central role of disease in the demise of the Kalapuya is unquestionable, the wider implications of their experience is best captured in their own stories.

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