Encyclopedia of School Psychology by Steven Lee

By Steven Lee

The Encyclopedia of college Psychology is the first comprehensive consultant to this box, that includes the newest learn on tuition studying, motivation, and academic evaluation. nearly 250 entries via one hundred seventy five contributing authors from psychology, schooling and counseling, baby improvement, and specified schooling deal with scholar luck, habit problems, intelligence trying out, studying disabilities, innovations to enhance educational abilities, and more.

 

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Measurement and assessment in teaching. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill. ACCOMMODATION Accommodation is the process of changing a current cognitive schema to include new information. Jean Piaget (1896–1980) proposed that children learn by adaptation, which includes assimilation and accommodation. Assimilation involves bringing new information into the mind. A child knows birds fly. When he or she sees a butterfly, it fits into his or her beliefs regarding things that fly, as it is small and has wings like birds; this is assimilation.

Based on these data, Beth’s parents and teachers completed the Social Skills sections of the Checklist of Adaptive Living Skills (CALS). In addition, Beth’s mother and teachers were interviewed to learn whether Beth’s demonstrations of the target skills were typical behaviors for her. The information gathered from the observations, task analysis, checklists, and interviews indicated that Beth initiates social interactions with her same-age peers approximately once per day and follows one-step instructions without prompting approximately three times a day.

Teachers may notice that some children, who otherwise have been well behaved, may develop serious maladjustment problems after exposure to a stressful event. Other children exposed to the same stressful event may withdraw and become socially isolated. Both the acting out and the withdrawal types of reactions are included in the scope of the adjustment disorder diagnosis. Children in the midst of an adjustment disorder are likely to perform poorly in their schoolwork. Furthermore, they are likely to gather very little support, as their emotional and behavioral difficulties tend to create distance in their family and peer relationships.

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