By José Nun
During this obtainable and interesting publication, JosZ Nun offers a complete research of the speculation and perform of democracy from historic Greece to modern Latin the US. The author's authoritative old and comparative dialogue of democracy is mixed together with his personal overview of the stipulations and chances for the improvement of really democratic societies in our time in the course of the international. All readers will reap the benefits of Nun's insightful contrast among visions of democracy-government of the folks or govt of the politicians-and their profound outcomes.
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Extra resources for Democracy: Government of the People or Government of the Politicians? (Critical Currents in Latin American Perspective)
In principle, it would be enough to base the comparison on variables that are assumed to be objective, univocal, and homogeneous, such as the existence of periodical elections or of political parties. However, the numerous cases of dubious classification that always arise bear witness to the fact that, even at this level, a minimalist definition is not enough. 7. S. political analyst wrote, typically, three decades ago: “the experience of the modernizing nations indicates that democracy, as we understand it, is not appropriate to their stage of development” (Apter 1965, 452).
When individuals seek to gather wealth not as an end in itself but as a means for obtaining more wealth, we call them capitalists. Technically speaking, having money or other goods does not mean having capital, although it may be considered to have this meaning in everyday language. Capital is not a material object but a process; when this process does not take place, capital ceases to exist. In its paradigmatic expression, the process I refer to consists of the continuous transformation of money into cornmodties that, in turn, are later converted into more money.
Hence, as Marshall himself points out, there is no universal principle that can dictate its contents. It depends on the traditions and institutional frameworks of each country and, especially, on the prevailing political vision. In this regard, it is symptomatic that the Marshallian conceptualization itself has been the object of diverse readings, according to the perspective adopted by each interpreter. For some, whose political views are close to those of Marshall, it follows from that conceptualization that no democratic citizenship is possible without social rights.