Conversations in the Cognitive Neurosciences by Michael S. Gazzaniga

By Michael S. Gazzaniga

Conversations within the Cognitive Neurosciences is a short, informative but casual consultant to fresh advancements within the cognitive neurosciences via the scientists who're within the thick of things.

"Getting a repair on vital questions and the way to contemplate them from an experimental standpoint is what scientists speak about, occasionally perpetually. it really is these conversations that thrill and motivate," observes Michael Gazzaniga. but all too usually those intriguing interactions are misplaced to scholars, researchers, and others who're "doing" technology. Conversations within the Cognitive Neurosciences brings jointly a chain of interviews with renowned members in neuroscience, linguistics, philosophy, and psychology that experience seemed over the last few years within the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.

The ten interviews are divided into 5 sections: uncomplicated neuroscience techniques to cognition (Floyd Bloom and Mark Raichle), attentional and perceptual approaches (Michael I. Posner and William T. Newsome), neural foundation of reminiscence (Randy Gallistel and Endel Tulving), language (Steven Pinker and Alfonso Caramazza), and imagery and cognizance (Stephen M. Kosslyn and Daniel C. Dennett).

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For me, it is more helpful to think of the monkey's performance on this task as a complex sensorimotor loop. The direction of stimulus motion is encoded implicitly in sequences of activity among retinal ganglion cells. This information is made explicit in the form of directionally selective 64 William T. Newsome responses in neurons of the cortical motion pathway, including MT. Directional information is "read out" of this pathway by means that are not yet known, and the intention to make a specific operant response is formed and held in register in premotor circuitry.

They all contribute, each in their own way, to an understanding of how the brain works. While each of us chooses to work at a particular level, largely because it is impossible to do otherwise, it is vitally important that we keep our work in perspective. I am occasionally provoked by claims that this or that neuron or group of neurons is doing some rather high-level cognitive task based on unit recordings in animals. 32 Marcus E. Raichle A moment's reflection usually calls to mind a similar task, performed in humans, that elicits activity in areas widely distributed across the cortex.

I am occasionally provoked by claims that this or that neuron or group of neurons is doing some rather high-level cognitive task based on unit recordings in animals. 32 Marcus E. Raichle A moment's reflection usually calls to mind a similar task, performed in humans, that elicits activity in areas widely distributed across the cortex. Interpretations of the behavior of local populations need to be constrained by such information. Conversely, those of us working at the broad-brush level of functional imaging in humans need to be ever mindful of the work of those who do examine small populations of neurons.

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