By R. Leonardi
This quantity assesses the implementation of the EU's team spirit coverage and the function that the coverage has in stimulating ten new member states from japanese and southern ecu nations to affix the european in 2004 and one other 3 to 4 nations that may take part the close to future.
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Extra resources for Cohesion Policy in the European Union: The Building of Europe
Here, we will look at the impact of “softer” variables such as institutional capacity, social capital, and organized crime on regional institutional and socioeconomic outcomes. Chapter 6 delves into the subject of the ten new member states and their ability to effectively use the cohesion policy to accelerate socio-economic growth. The comparison will be presented within the eight Central and Eastern European (CEECs) and the two Mediterranean countries. Attention will also be paid to the two countries that are continuing to negotiate with the EU for future membership and to Turkey which still has to open negotiations.
Yes, the process did begin at the EU level as part of the discussion on the Single Market and Single Currency projects within the Delors cabinet and afﬁliated academics, but the idea of an integrated approach to the policy was produced by the experimentation with integrated approaches carried out during the ﬁrst part of the 1980s under an Italian and a Greek Commissioners of DG XVI: Antonio Giolitti (1979–84) and then Gregorios Varﬁs (1984–89). 38 However, all of these innovations would not have found an appropriate context had the nation states not been struggling with the need to spell out a new role in development policies for regional governments that were beginning to demand an effective voice in policies allocated to them by national constitutions.
Instead, cohesion places emphasis on the creation of a more just European Union that is concerned with economic growth but that it is equally committed to making certain that the growth is spread out more evenly among it component countries and regions. The process of economic and social convergence at the heart of the EU’s cohesion policy has been particularly important during the last decade given the application of twelve countries to join the European Union. Ten have already joined,24 and since 2000 they have been the beneﬁciaries of the EU cohesion policies.