By Niels Ole Bernsen, Guy A. Orban, Wolf Singer
This e-book stories the growth made in Europe during the last decade within the box of Cognitive Neuroscience and issues out ideas for the long run.
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Additional resources for Cognitive Neuroscience: Research Directions In Cognitive Science: European perspectives, volume 4
Their connections are usually symmetrical and unselective, neurons act as simple threshold devices, learning and error correcting mechanisms are biologically implausible and there is no temporal coding. In a number of instances networks have yielded neuronal properties similar to those observed experimentally (see Rizzolatti, Chapter 6). However networks have up to now never made stringent and testable predictions about response patterns of real neurons. It seems therefore that the use of connectionist networks or Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) in general, as models in brain function will be relatively restricted unless networks are designed with biological plausible properties and in close cooperation with experimentalists.
It deals with the brain of vertebrates and invertebrates, not only the mature brain of adults but also the developing and aging brain. As such it is the fundamental science underlying neurology a n d psychiatry b u t also to a certain extent ophthalmology, oto-rhinolaryngology, pediatrics, geriatrics and internal medicine. s and biologists but also psychologists, engineers and physicists. Within neuroscience, visual neuroscience has traditionally had a large share. There are several reasons for this strong development of visual neuroscience.
26 ORBAN Recently new lesion techniques using local injections of kainate and ibotenic acid have been introduced. These injections produce small lesions and can only be used in animals trained to fixate. In this last case however the animal can be its own control. Unfortunately lesions with ibotenic acid have yet to produce permanent deficits in visual perception (Newsome & Paré, 1988), although deficits in structure from motion lasting up to one month have been reported after MT lesions in monkeys (Siegel & Andersen, 1986).