By Theo L. Dorpat, Michael L. Miller
Clinical interplay and the research of Meaning evinces a healing energy all too infrequent in works of theory. instead of fleeing from the insights of alternative disciplines, Dorpat and Miller detect in contemporary learn affirmation of the probabilities of psychoanalytic treatment. In Section I, "Critique of Classical Theory," Dorpat proposes a radical revision of the idea of fundamental technique consonant with modern cognitive science. this kind of revised notion not just enlarges our knowing of the analytic technique; it additionally presents analysis with a conceptual language that can articulate significant connections with a transforming into physique of empirical study in regards to the development and nature of human cognition.
In part II, "Interactional Theory," Miller reverses the course of inquiry. He begins with the literature on cognitive improvement and functioning, and proceeds to mine it for ideas proper to the scientific process. He exhibits how a revised knowing of the operation of cognition and impact can impart new desiring to simple medical recommendations corresponding to resistance, transference, and point of psychopathology. In part III, "Applications and Exemplifications," Dorpat concludes this exemplary collaboration by way of exploring opt for issues from the viewpoint of his and Miller's new psychoanalytic theory.
At the guts of the authors' endeavor it "meaning analysis," an idea that integrates an up-to-date model of human details processing with the normal objectives of psychoanalysis. The sufferer ways the medical come across, they argue, with cognitive-affective schemas which are the accumulatice made from his lifestyles adventure so far; the manifold meanings ascribed to the medical interplay needs to be understood because the made of those schemas instead of as distortions deriving from subconscious, drive-related fantasies. The therapist's objective is to make the patient's meaning-making awake and therefore to be had for introspection.
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Additional resources for Clinical Interaction and the Analysis of Meaning: A New Psychoanalytic Theory
25). According to this model, when the drive object is absent, drive action is not possible, and a short cut to hallucinatory gratification takes place. Drive cathexis is displaced to the memory of past gratification and the resultant activation of the memory image results in hallucinatory gratification. , mental representations) as copies of perceptions. Copyrighted Material FREUD’S THEORY OF COGNITION 21 In Freud’s (1900) secondary model of cognition, the psychic structures of defenses and controls provide for the delay of discharge—the crucial distinction in Freud’s theory between the primary and secondary models of cognition.
A major function of the primary-process system is to unconsciously and automatically make rapid evaluations of current events involving self and other. Primary process products, such as the metaphors, images, and nonverbal communication that appear in dreams, symptoms, and speech are not, as Freud and some other analysts believed, derived from unconscious memories and fantasies. Rather, they are the end products of a process of unconscious meaning analysis of events in which the individual is uncon¬ sciously evaluating, appraising, and representing his current interactions with others.
As noted in Chapter 1, unconscious fantasies and unconscious memories, according to Freud’s discredited theory of cognition, are subject to the primary process distorting mechanisms of displacement and condensation before they attain consciousness as the manifest content. The mental operations in unconscious meaning analysis involve learned skills, which through practice become automatic and unconscious. In earlier models of information processing, the analysis of meaning was excluded from the domain of unconscious cognitive activity.