Clean Water: An Introduction to Water Quality and Water by Kenneth M. Vigil

By Kenneth M. Vigil

This consultant for college kids, water pros, and anxious voters offers an advent to water caliber and water pollutants keep watch over. Environmental engineer Vigil describes the fundamental medical rules in the back of water toxins keep an eye on and explains the wider technique of watershed administration. He additionally indicates methods for electorate to use what they've got discovered approximately fresh water at domestic and locally. the 1st variation used to be released through Columbia Cascade Publishing in 1996 less than the name fresh Water: The Citizen's entire advisor to Water caliber and Water toxins regulate.

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For instance, when large volumes of effluent are discharged into small, poorly mixed waterways, wastewater can dominate the receiving stream, reducing the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the stream. Nutrients not removed through the conventional treatment process, especially phosphorus, can contribute to eutrophication, causing the undesirable growth of algae and other nuisance organisms. Nitrogen, in the form of ammonia, can be toxic to fish and other aquatic species and can also lower dissolved oxygen in the receiving stream.

This carbon recycling process occurs naturally in the environment and is essential for life on earth. However, when too much carbon is released into our waterways in an uncontrolled manner, such as discharging untreated municipal sewage or industrial waste, it causes water pollution. Carbon in the discharged sewage or industrial waste is biodegraded and recycled in the water by naturally occurring bacteria. During biodegradation, bacteria remove dissolved oxygen from the water for energy and respiration.

Bosque Del Apache Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico Water Chemistry & Microbiology 25 The Water Molecule The smallest unit of water is called a molecule. It is made up of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen, resulting in the familiar chemical term for water: H2O. The chemical makeup of water gives it specific characteristics, such as its density and its ability to dissolve substances. Density is a measure of the weight of a certain volume of a substance. For instance, a gallon of water weighs about eight pounds.

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