Body Image and Body Schema: Interdisciplinary Perspectives by Helena De Preester, Veroniek Knockaert

By Helena De Preester, Veroniek Knockaert

The physique, because the universal flooring for objectivity and (inter)subjectivity, is a phenomenon with a complicated plurality of registers. as a result, this cutting edge quantity bargains an interdisciplinary technique from the fields of neuroscience, phenomenology and psychoanalysis. The techniques of physique picture and physique schema have an organization culture in every one of those disciplines and make up the conceptual anchors of this volume.
Challenged through neuropathological phenomena, neuroscience has handled physique photo and physique schema because the starting of the 20th century. midway throughout the 20th century, phenomenology was once encouraged through baby improvement and elaborated a particularly phenomenological account of physique photograph and schema. ranging from the replicate level, this resource of suggestion is shared with psychoanalysis which develops the concept that of physique photo in interplay with the health facility of the singular topic. during this quantity, the artistic stumble upon of those 3 views at the physique opens up present-day paths for conceptualisation, learn and (clinical) perform. (Series B)

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Apparently, the stepping stone for the ego formation in Freud’s conception might be taken to be due to a mental projection of the superficial schema of Head & Holmes (1911/1912). , the ego is not unique and well-defined on its own as the only mental projection of the body schema). Two other early authorities discussing the nature of the body image – Lhermitte & Tchehrazi (1937) and Lhermitte (1942) – “play” with three different variants of this concept: i. l’image de soi that can be rendered in English as “self-image” or “selfawareness”; ii.

Stamenov (2003). In our context, it is important to remember that self-consciousness effectively cannot exist without a (oscillatory) link to self-awareness that is hooked to some qualia related to aspects of opportunistic body image functioning. . How to trigger the extraction of a body image from a body schema: The MNS scenario We saw that “the body in the brain” amounts to a set of body fragments “represented” in the somatosensory areas of the brain, so to say, rag-bag. They do not fit together into any sort of well-formed “neuromatrix” that can serve as the foundation for developing a body image.

It is shown that there is a conceptual-theoretical discrepancy between the way mirror neurons are characterized and the way those characteristics are used in the explanation of action understanding and imitation. This discrepancy precisely rests on two different phenomenological logics implicitly present in the mirror neurons theory. . , before the child already has or can have a sensory analogy between his visual Body and that of the ‘other’ and, afortiori, before he can acknowledge to the other a tactual Body and a Body incarnating the will.

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