Behavior, Health, and Environmental Stress by Sheldon Cohen, Gary W. Evans, Daniel Stokols, David S.

By Sheldon Cohen, Gary W. Evans, Daniel Stokols, David S. Krantz

Eight years in the past, 4 psychologists with various backgrounds yet a standard in­ terest within the impression of environmental pressure on habit and wellbeing and fitness met to plot a examine of the results of plane noise on young children. The impetus for the learn was once a piece of writing within the l. a. occasions approximately architectural interventions that have been deliberate for a number of noise-impacted faculties below the air hall of l. a. Interna­ tional Airport. those interventions created a chance to check an analogous chil­ dren in the course of noise publicity after which later after the publicity were attenuated. The learn used to be designed to check the generality of a number of noise results that have been good demonstrated in laboratory experimental experiences. It keen on 3 parts: the connection among noise and private regulate, noise and a spotlight, and noise and cardiovascular reaction. years later, a moment research, designed to duplicate and expand findings from the 1st, was once conducted.

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Children failing to detect 25 dB(A) tones at any one of these frequencies in either ear were not included in the study. Six percent of the noise-school children and 7% of the quiet-school children failed the screening. A total of 262 subjects (142 from noise schools and 120 from quiet schools) remained in the initial study. Ninety noiseschool children and 75 quiet-school children remained in the third grade replication. Individual analyses, however, sometimes contain fewer subjects because of missing data.

These data are presented in Table 5. For the parent education scale, "some high school" was scaled as 3 and "high school graduate" was scaled as 4. In the initial sample, quiet and noise groups did not differ on father or mother's education or number of children per family. Ol, with the noise group containing more blacks (32% vs. 18%) and quiet group more Chicanos (50% vs. 33%). Noise and quiet samples had nearly equal percentages of whites (32% and 29%, respectively) and of unidentifiable or mixedrace children (3% in each sample).

The methodological issues they face are the same as those that confront psychologists or other social scientists interested in the relationships between stress and behavior in human populations. In our description of the criteria, we employ the epidemiological term risk factor to refer to any factor that might result in an increased probability of developing diseases, behavioral disorders, or other forms of behavioral or physiological disruption. For example, in the case of the noise project, exposure to intense noise levels is the risk factor under consideration.

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