ASIAN HIGHLANDS PERSPECTIVES Volume 18: Environmental Issues by Dbang 'dus sgrol ma, Dkon mchog dge legs, Mgon po tshe ring,

By Dbang 'dus sgrol ma, Dkon mchog dge legs, Mgon po tshe ring, and Dpal ldan chos dbyings (CK Stuart and G Roche eds; William Bleisch, Preface)

3 Tibetan groups in Yushu Tibetan independent Prefecture, and Rtswa chog neighborhood in Hainan Tibetan independent Prefecture, Qinghai Province, PR China are studied when it comes to China's pastoral improvement regulations and their influence on neighborhood Tibetans.

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Extra resources for ASIAN HIGHLANDS PERSPECTIVES Volume 18: Environmental Issues Facing Tibetan Pastoral Communities

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48• Although the government has introduced several different pastoral policies, rangeland problems persist. 24% from 1978-2003, as shown in the figure below. Pasture degradation has sometimes forced pastoralists to migrate to neighboring areas to seek better pastures to ensure their continued survival. Consequently, conflicts ensue. Figure 1. Livestock number in Mgo log Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, 1978-2003 (Xie 2004). 2% annually since the early 1990s. 3% of Qinghai's total rangeland. 2% of that in the 1980s (ibid).

Measurement of fencing impact (Du 2006:50). 10 Fencing has a clear, positive impact on vegetation in density, height, and quantity. 10%. Fencing not only increases fodder yield, but also allows faster and more complete recovery of vegetation. Rehabilitation of deteriorating pasture by fencing has a significant impact on the long-term sustainability of pasture. Fences prevent disturbances, allowing grass to seed and give pastures a greater chance of recovery. Without fencing, grass has no chance to seed due to continued grazing.

Temperature changes outside and inside a shed (Zhang et al. 2005). 00 •59• Figure 5. The impact of sheds on livestock weight (kg) (Zhang et al. 2005). 2 99 chen 0 4 6 6 0 5 4 1 Sheds reduced animal mortality rates, particularly among lambs during the birthing season from December to April, and extremely cold time of year. The majority of lambs are delivered in January and February, the coldest months. Without human intervention, lambs often freeze to death at night, leading herders to frequently check their flocks at night.

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