Aristotle on False Reasoning: Language and the World in the by Scott G. Schreiber

By Scott G. Schreiber

A finished examine Aristotle's treatise on logical fallacies.

Presenting the 1st book-length examine in English of Aristotle's Sophistical Refutations, this paintings takes a clean examine this seminal textual content on fake reasoning. via a cautious and important research of Aristotle's examples of sophistical reasoning, Scott G. Schreiber explores Aristotle's purpose for his taxonomy of twelve fallacy varieties. opposite to yes smooth makes an attempt to lessen all incorrect reasoning to both blunders of logical shape or linguistic imprecision, Aristotle insists that, as very important as shape and language are, specific sorts of fake reasoning derive their persuasiveness from flawed ideals in regards to the nature of language and the character of the area.

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Additional resources for Aristotle on False Reasoning: Language and the World in the Sophistical Refutations (SUNY Series in Ancient Greek Philosophy)

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Obviously yes. But reading the pronoun as the subject, we have the false claim that whatever someone knows, that thing itself knows something. ”26 Aristotle does not claim that the single word to£to is ambiguous. Its antecedent is unequivocal: ˙ tiV g inÔskei. He says instead that the problem is in the larger expression (to§t¯ t¸ l¬g¯). The Homonymy and Amphiboly 27 phrase is ambiguous because of (1) the fact of Greek morphology, wherein nominative and accusative neuter pronouns have identical forms, and (2) because Greek word order allows either the subject or the object to precede the verb.

4 introduction to the fallacy. There Aristotle alludes to certain other examples, again generated by morphological similarities in word terminations, which seem to result in gender confusions. E. I then show how such gender confusions fit within the threefold scheme of Category mistakes. E. 7, where Aristotle defends his claim that Form of the Expression is truly a fallacy due to language. Although this claim is uncontroversial, there is some disagreement over Aristotle’s classifying this linguistic fallacy as being an instance of double meaning, such as homonymy and amphiboly.

It can easily be appreciated how an inexperienced abacus user could be cheated by an unscrupulous expert. The principal point of the disanalogy with names, however, is that names are multivocal in a way that counters are not. But here one may raise an objection. Characteristic of an abacus is that the same counter can signify a different amount in different calculations. This “multivocity” of the counters on an abacus gave rise to a common Greek simile. 3 It is true that within each separate calculation the counter could only refer to one amount.

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