By Felipe Fernández-Armesto
In 1507, the cartographer Martin Waldseemuller released a global map with a brand new continent on it which he referred to as "America," after the explorer and navigator Amerigo Vespucci. The map used to be a beautiful good fortune and while Mercator`s 1538 international map prolonged the identify to the northern hemisphere of the continent, the hot identify used to be safe. yet Waldseemuller quickly discovered he had picked the incorrect guy.
this can be the tale of the way one part of the realm got here to be named now not after its discoverer Christopher Columbus, yet after his good friend and rival Amerigo Vespucci. Born in Florence in 1454, Vespucci had spent his formative years as a broker or agent for the good Medici family members. Then in 1491, he his fellow Italian Columbus to Seville. In Seville, Vespucci persevered as a Florentine agent, but additionally helped Columbus get his ships prepared for his moment and 3rd voyages. even if Amerigo himself later sailed on at the least voyages of his personal and explored the coast of present-day Brazil, he excelled notably at self-invention and self-promotion. He observed himself as an explorer and navigator of genius, and his vibrant shuttle writings bought far better than these of Columbus. He turned Pilot significant of Spain in 1508 and died in 1512.
Felipe Fernandez-Armesto brings this adventurous interval in international historical past to lifestyles with brilliant descriptions of the folk and occasions that formed North the USA.
Praise for Amerigo:
"Amerigo Vespucci acquired his identify wear a number of continents in response to letters he could by no means have written. nonetheless, he quite was once a pimp, flimflam guy, diplomat, and company agent for the Medici." --Top 10 Biographies (US edition), <em>Booklist Magazine.</em>
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Extra info for Amerigo: The Man Who Gave His Name to America
They simply were not there yet in terms of power and influence. They had only begun to grow accustomed to one another in Germany at the RABE, Nordhausen, and Berlin institutes. Dmitriy Fedorovich Ustinov, Minister of Armaments, and Ivan Savelyevich Zubovich, who was relieved of his duties as Deputy Minister of the Electric Industry, were appointed deputy Chairmen of the Special Committee. The Committee was given the responsibility for the development of the new field and invested with very broad powers.
6. Each scientist recognized himself as a member of a gigantic technocratic system closely associated with the state and with the ideology of a socialist society. Their general worldviews differed only in the details. ” In the twentieth century, the strongest stimulus for the development of rocket technology was its military use. The names of scientists who were pioneers in rocket and space technology and the founders of national schools in these fields are well known. In recent years their activities have been subjected to serious study, and this has been reported widely in scientific, historical, and even artistic literature; in movies; and through various other mass media.
However, four years after the creation of the RNII, the totalitarian state executed the initiator and patron of this field of research, Marshal Tukhachevskiy, and after him the leadership of RNII: Director Kleymenov and Chief Engineer Langemak. In the midst of the mass repressions, Ordzhonikidze ended his life by committing suicide. In 1938, the state took punitive measures against Glushko and Korolev. 1. RNII—Reaktivnyy nauchno-issledovatelskiy institut. ” However, strictly speaking, the word “reactive” encompasses not only air-breathing jet engines but also rocket engines which carry all of their own propellants.