By Claude S. Fischer
The phone looms huge in our lives, as ever found in smooth societies as autos and tv. Claude Fischer offers the 1st social historical past of this very important yet little-studied technology--how we encountered, proven, and finally embraced it with enthusiasm. utilizing cellphone advertisements, oral histories, mobile correspondence, and statistical information, Fischer's paintings is a colourful exploration of the way, while, and why american citizens all started speaking during this noticeably new manner.Studying 3 California groups, Fischer uncovers how the phone grew to become built-in into the non-public worlds and neighborhood actions of regular american citizens within the first a long time of this century. ladies have been specifically avid of their use, a phenomenon which the first vigorously discouraged after which later wholeheartedly promoted. repeatedly Fischer unearths that the phone supported a wide-ranging community of social kin and performed an important position in group existence, specifically for ladies, from organizing kid's relationships and church actions to assuaging the loneliness and tedium of rural life.Deftly written and meticulously researched, the US Calling provides an enormous new bankruptcy to the social heritage of our country and illuminates a basic element of cultural modernism that's quintessential to modern lifestyles.
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Extra resources for America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940
Previous page < previous page page_165 page_166 next page > next page > Page 166 59 60 Â < previous page < previous page page_166 page_167 next page > next page > Page 167 60 61 PhotoÂ 16. ) Â < previous page < previous page page_167 page_168 next page > next page > Page 168 61 62 PhotoÂ 17. ) PhotoÂ 18. ThisÂ 1930sÂ scene,Â takenÂ onÂ theÂ saltÂ flatsÂ eastÂ ofÂ Wendover,Â Utah,Â showsÂ telephone companyÂ personnel inspectingÂ theÂ linesÂ thatÂ crossedÂ theÂ vastÂ plainsÂ ofÂ ruralÂ America.
Although the level of telephone subscription fluctuated widely between 1920 and 1936, the profile of telephone subscribers did not. 55 Households headed by married couples or widows were likelier to have telephones than were single people. The more related adults (usually, grown children) living with a couple, the likelier the household was to subscribe. As in 1910, it apparently was not the extra adults' earning power, but simply their presence that affected subscription. We can assume, based on the earlier years (although, unfortunately, we did not code the gender of adults from 1920 on), that these adults were mostly women.
Antioch Ledger, 2 October 1924). , Palo Alto Times, 15 November 1895, and 1 November 1901). " 31 This holism appears in several forms. One form is the implicit claim that these technologies operate in parallel with homogeneous effects. Mumford makes that claim in his list of devices that 34 35 people cling to, and others make it in arguments that modern technologies generally lead to routinization or that they necessarily alienate users from nature. But do all these modern tools operate in parallel?