An Environmental History of Medieval Europe by Richard Hoffmann

By Richard Hoffmann

Because the first actual booklet of its type, An Environmental heritage of Medieval Europe offers a hugely unique survey of medieval kinfolk with the flora and fauna. enticing with the interdisciplinary firm of environmental heritage, it examines the best way common forces affected humans, how humans replaced their atmosphere, and the way they considered the area round them. Exploring key issues in medieval background - together with the decline of Rome, spiritual doctrine, and the lengthy fourteenth century - Hoffmann attracts clean conclusions approximately enduring questions concerning agrarian economies, tenurial rights, know-how and urbanization. Revealing the importance of the wildlife on occasions formerly considered merely human, the e-book explores concerns together with the therapy of animals, sustainability, epidemic affliction and weather switch, and by way of introducing medieval heritage within the context of social ecology, brings the flora and fauna into historiography as an agent and item of heritage itself.

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Two of the seven readvances that Alpine glaciers made before Roman times occurred during the late SubBoreal. 200BCE to 200CE as the ‘Roman Climatic Optimum’. By then the modern Sahara desert had fully replaced a hitherto humid landscape south of the Mediterranean. 1). Distinctions between and seasonal variation within these regions established basic conditions of life for plants, animals, and humans in classical and medieval times, as they still do today. Imperial Roman soldiers and medieval Italian wool merchants alike complained of the cold and damp British Isles, whose residents now look eagerly forward to holidays on warm, dry Mediterranean shores.

Two of the seven readvances that Alpine glaciers made before Roman times occurred during the late SubBoreal. 200BCE to 200CE as the ‘Roman Climatic Optimum’. By then the modern Sahara desert had fully replaced a hitherto humid landscape south of the Mediterranean. 1). Distinctions between and seasonal variation within these regions established basic conditions of life for plants, animals, and humans in classical and medieval times, as they still do today. Imperial Roman soldiers and medieval Italian wool merchants alike complained of the cold and damp British Isles, whose residents now look eagerly forward to holidays on warm, dry Mediterranean shores.

12 Thinking about Europeans in the natural world The interest of many historians, literary scholars, and others in identifying ideas about the natural world held by past individuals, social groups, or entire cultures likewise pertains to the enterprise of environmental history. Such research may seek fundamental general assumptions about how nature was understood to work as the ‘other’ for human society, asking, for instance, whether it was thought to be inherently threatening (a fatalist attitude), tending towards a benign stability or partnership with humans, easily damaged by improvident human activities, or in need of regular human management.

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