A study on the Ratnagotravibhaga (Uttaratantra) by Jikido Takasaki

By Jikido Takasaki

The Ratnagotravibhaga, sometimes called the Uttaratantra, is the single Indian treatise dedicated to the Mahayana doctrine of Tathagatagarbha, or the suggestion that every one beings own inside themselves the virtues and knowledge of a Tathagata, or Buddha, albeit in embryonic shape (garbha). the current paintings, first released in 1966 and the following reprinted for the 1st time, offers the one whole English translation of this crucial textual content.

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Extra info for A study on the Ratnagotravibhaga (Uttaratantra)

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IX, 60. 7) In the commentary on vv. XI, 32-33, which refer to the investigation of samkleśa and vyavadāna, the commentator says that what is taught in v. 33 is the acquisition of ālambanaviśesa (special basis), i. e. dharmâlambana, which causes the disappearance of the manifestation of dvaya, i. e. e. tathatā; and that the one who has acquired this state is called ' parāvrttâśraya ' (one whose āśraya has been changed). 8) In the commentary on v. 42 of the same chapter, which refers to the ' yogabhūmi' of Bodhisattvas, the commentator mentions ' āśraya ' as the last of the 5 yogabhūmis and explains that ' āśraya' means here 4 āśrayaparāvrtti \ But v.

P. 73). The Ratnagotravibhāga The first three of those statements are based upon the Avantamsakasūtra. , viz. dharmakāya-parispharanârtha, tathatâvyatirekârtha, and gotrasambhavârtha (p. 26, vv. I, 27, 28, & 11. 7-11). In the fourth sentence, it is expounded how this tathāgatagarbha theory is an eternal truth. That, in short, is the whole contents of this Sūtra. However, all of these points form the basic idea of the tathāgatagarbha theory and are deepened by the subsequent scriptures. § 5. - The Āryaśrîmālāsūtra.

A Sūtra which deeply investigates the characters of the tathāgatagarbha in a more developed form than the Tathāgatagarbhasūtra and has a significant role for establishing the tathāgatagarbha theory is the Āryaśrīmālāsūtra. It is quoted more often in the Ratna. than any other scripture, and as far as the philosophical approach is concerned, it occupies a much more important position in the Ratna. than does the Tathāgatagarbhasūtra. The original points of thought of the tathāgatagarbha expounded in this Sutra are as follows: 1) Two faces of the mind: prakrtipariśuddhicitta and upaklistacitta.

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